In conclusion, we have shown that Borrelia spirochetes are present detection of borellia in urine breast milk semen and vaginal secretions of patients with Lyme disease. Although each figure by itself might not indicate the presence of Borreliathe combination of darkfield imaging, silver staining, immunostaining, PCR testing using a range of targets and molecular hybridization provides strong evidence for viable Borrelia in these genital cultures, as stated repeatedly in the article. The positive and negative controls for this experiment are shown in Supplemental Figure 1. It is probably not surprising that this work, reporting isolation of viable Borrelia in human vaginal and seminal fluid has incited such vigorous commentary; the epidemiological implication of sexual transmission gallery gay tranny significant. The numbers of patients were too small from which to draw meaningful conclusions.
Edit comment Competing Interests. One protocol involved six non-pregnant infected females that were subsequently mated and became pregnant.
There are several medications that can be used to treat Lyme disease in breastfeeding mothers. Furthermore, since these authors and their colleagues have a history of publishing results suggesting extensive laboratory contamination by Borrelia species 1 , these findings ought not to be accepted for indexation without independent confirmation by a third party using blinded specimens, even if they might be inconvenienced by such a reasonable request under such circumstances. Intrauterine transmission of Borrelia burgdorferi in dogs.
Transplacental transmission of B. All offspring and offspring-to-be were found to be culture negative for B. Again, we have included references to studies showing morphological variation and pleomorphism in Borrelia cultures in the Discussion section on Page
Similarly, Lord et al. A CDC document clearly states that serology tests are not reliable for the diagnosis of typhoid fever[ref-3].